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Sunday, August 9, 2020 | History

5 edition of Prehistoric and medieval direct iron smelting in Scandinavia and Europe found in the catalog.

Prehistoric and medieval direct iron smelting in Scandinavia and Europe

aspects of technology and society : proceedings of the Sandbjerg conference, 16th to 20th September 1999

  • 369 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published by Aarhus University Press in Aarhus .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Europe, Northern
    • Subjects:
    • Smelting -- Europe, Northern -- History -- Congresses.,
    • Europe, Northern -- Antiquities -- Congresses.

    • Edition Notes

      Other titlesIron smelting
      Statementedited by Lars Christian Nørbach ; Comité pour la siderurgie ancienne, L"UISPP.
      GenreCongresses.
      SeriesActa Jutlandica ;, 76:2. Humanities series ;, 75, Acta Jutlandica ;, 76:2., Acta Jutlandica., 75.
      ContributionsNørbach, Lars Chr., International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences. Comité pour la sidérurgie ancienne.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsAS281 .A34 vol. 75
      The Physical Object
      Pagination335 p. :
      Number of Pages335
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL3725614M
      ISBN 108772887745
      LC Control Number2003362402

      The Classification of Early Iron-Smelting Furnaces. In: Antiquaries Journal. 52, pp Coghlan, H.H., Notes on Prehistoric and Early Iron in the Old World. Pitt Rivers Museum Occasional Papers on Technology 8. Oxford. Coughenour, R. A., Preliminary Report on the Exploration and Excavation of Mugharet el Warda and Abu Thawab. Secrets of the ancient iron smelting process Iron casting was performed in structures described in archaeological literature as slag-pit furnaces. This type of furnaces is known from the territories of Central and Eastern Europe and their spreading was connected with .

      Prehistoric iron smelting in London: Evidence from Shooters Hill smelting slag produced in England prior to the medieval period and attempts to link slag composition to the type of ore smelted. The BOF furnace is filled up to 20% scrap steel, and then the molten iron is poured into the furnace from the crucible. Oxygen is injected through a water cooled steel lance into the molten metal promoting the same effects as in the EAF steel processing system. Iron and .

      The market for cast iron objects in Europe appears late in the fourteenth century when cannonballs came to be in demand. Iron casting could make cheap, uniform cannon shot in vast quantities, and with this as a base, iron masters learned to produce and sell other simple objects for household use. has to be repaired after each smelting operation. Iron ore mining and preparing for smelting In the early medieval times the ancient foundry men used, what was commonly known as, bog iron ore. The bog iron ore is a type of iron deposit that develops in bogs or swamps by chemical or biochemical oxidation of water solution of iron (Fe 2+) [3 File Size: KB.


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Prehistoric and medieval direct iron smelting in Scandinavia and Europe Download PDF EPUB FB2

Prehistoric & Medieval Direct Iron Smelting in Scandinavia and Europe (ACTA JUTLANDICA) [Norbach, Lars C.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Prehistoric & Medieval Direct Iron Smelting in Scandinavia and Europe (ACTA JUTLANDICA)Price: $ Buy Prehistoric and Medieval Direct Iron Smelting in Scandinavia and Europe: Aspects of Technology and Society (Acta Jutlandica) (Acta Jutlandica Series) by Norbach, Lars Christian (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store.

Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible : Paperback. Get this from a library. Prehistoric and medieval direct iron smelting in Scandinavia and Europe: aspects of technology and society: proceedings of the Sandbjerg conference, 16th to 20th September [Lars Christian Nørbach; International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences.

Comité pour la sidérurgie ancienne.;]. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Humanities: Prehistoric and Medieval Direct Iron Smelting in Scandinavia and Europe: Aspects of Technology and Society 75 by Lars Christian Norbach (, Paperback) at the best online prices at eBay.

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Add to Wishlist. ISBN ISBN Pub. Date: 11/28/ Publisher: Aarhus University Press. Prehistoric & Medieval Direct Iron Smelting in Scandinavia and Europe.

by Lars Christian Norbach | Read Reviews. Paperback. Current Price: $ Prehistoric and Medieval Direct Iron Smelting in Scandinavia and Europe Aspects of Technology and Science. A part of the series Acta Jutlandica (; Humanities Series 75) and the subject area Archaeology (general).

Prehistoric and Medieval Direct Iron Smelting in Scandinavia and Europe Aspects of Technology and Society Edited by Lars Christian Norbach Proceedings of the Sandbjerg Conference 16th to 20th September Comite Pour La Siderurgie Ancienne, l'UISPP ACTA JUTLANDICA LXXVI:2 HUMANITIES SERIES 75 AARHUS UNIVERSITY PRESSFile Size: KB.

Experimental archaeologist Jake Keen demonstrates some of the concepts of iron smelting in a bloomery furnace using techniques believed to have been used during the British Iron Age.

Metallurgists throughout medieval Europe were free to move within different regions. German metallurgists in search of rich precious metal ores, for instance, took the leading part in mining and affected the course of metal production, not only in East and South Germany but in almost all Central Europe and the Eastern Alps.

A bloomery is a type of furnace once used widely for smelting iron from its bloomery was the earliest form of smelter capable of smelting iron.

Bloomeries produce a porous mass of iron and slag called a mix of slag and iron in the bloom, termed sponge iron, is usually consolidated and further forged into wrought iron. Blast furnaces, which produce pig iron, have largely. Summary: EXARC meeting at Csiki Pihenökert (HU)***Nowadays, the development of technology rushes past the people of the machine-based technical civilisation, therefore they fail to understand the technological wonders that surround them.

One of these is the ancient technology of iron smelting The content is published under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License.

European iron blooms. Radomír Pleiner, Lars Chr. Nørbach. In Prehistoric and medieval direct Iron smelting in Scandinavia and Europe. Aspects of technology and Science.

Aarhus: Aarhus University Press. (tDAR id: ). In Prehistoric and medieval direct Iron smelting in Scandinavia and Europe. Aspects of technology and Science. Århus: Aarhus University Press. (tDAR id: ) This Resource is Part of the Following Collections. Iron in Archaeology: The European Bloomery Smelters [Pleiner, Radomir] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Iron in Archaeology: The European Bloomery SmeltersCited by:   Prehistoric & Medieval Direct Iron Smelting in Scandinavia and Europe Lars Christian Norbach 13 Available from ISD Distributing The book costs $60 plus shipping Iron and Steel in Ancient Times Vagn F.

Buchwald Available from the Danish Royal Academy The book co 56 Euros p4 Euros (to Canada). Crew, P., T. Smekalova, B. Bewan. High Resolution Magnetic Surveys of Prehistoric and Medieval Iron-Smelting Furnaces in North-West Wales.

In: “Prehistoric and Medieval Direct Iron Smelting in Scandinavia and Europe. Aspects of technology and science”.

Lars Norbach. Aarhus University Press. p.9. In modern copper smelting, a reverberatory furnace is used. Concentrated ore and a flux, commonly limestone, are charged into the top, and molten matte—a compound of copper, iron, and sulfur—and slag are drawn out at the bottom. A second heat treatment, in another (converter) furnace, is necessary to remove the iron from the matte.

Discover Book Depository's huge selection of Medieval European Archaeology Books online. Free delivery worldwide on over 20 million titles.

All Medieval European Archaeology. Showing 91 to of 1, results Prehistoric and Medieval Direct Iron Smelting in Scandinavia and Europe. Lars Christian Norbach.

20 Jan Paperback. US$ The iron is then drained from the bottom of the furnace into a mould and allowed to harden. 16 The blast furnace remains the principal method of smelting iron to this day.

14 There is a tradeoff for this speed, however: melting the iron causes it to take on a very high (%) carbon content, thus resulting in. Prehistoric and Medieval Direct Iron Smelting in Scandinavia and Europe Aspects of Technology and Science.

Edited by Lars Christian Nørbach. Metallurgy in the Middle-east. Having already mentioned that metals appeared later in the archaeological record of north-western Europe than in the south and east, and that southern metal artefacts appeared to be more advanced than northern European forms of the same age, we can now support this with earlier discoveries from the middle-east, as the following examples demonstrate.Although Norse people knew of mining and mined some iron ore in a variety of locations throughout Scandinavia, most Viking era iron was smelted from bog iron.

The photo to the left shows the bog at Rauðanes in Iceland, where Skallagrímur Kveldúlfsson, one .In L. C. Nørbach (Ed.), Prehistoric and medieval direct iron smelting in Scandinavia and Europe: aspects of technology and science, Acta Jutlandica (pp.

). Aarhus: Aarhus University : Thomas Birch.